The typical DevOps pipeline can have hundreds of different tools with independent secrets stores, like Ansible Vault and Kubernetes secrets. Besides, each solution approaches SSL/TLS certificates differently, requiring developers to invest time to learn each of them. Using a wide range of approaches also complicates code. DevOps deal with proliferating secrets due to the company's desire to deploy application changes more frequently.
One of the most significant obstacles to improving software products' overall security is the way developers have historically managed application secrets. Secrets in DevSecOps refers to the digital authentication credentials used in services and applications, including passwords (also auto-generated and one-time passwords), usernames, API tokens, SSH keys, system-to-system and database passwords, private certificates, private encryption keys, RSA, and keypad pin sequences, among others.
Hackers can easily compromise an application in a way that gives them access to user credentials, many of which are reused in an enterprise. Cybercriminals attacked Uber through secrets left on GitHub. Accenture left secrets exposed on Amazon S3, while Viacom left secrets accessible publicly on Puppet.
DevSecOps emphasizes security in the union of people, processes, and tools to build, test, and release software more frequently and reliably. Tools like Vault automates DevSecOps activities to reduce delivery time, improve quality and security, and eliminate human error. The solution streamlines repeatable processes to achieve faster, secure delivery cycles and customer satisfaction.
Applications and digital services leak secrets in different circumstances, such as application logging configurations, leaving secrets in log files, or centralized logging systems. External actors will also capture secrets in crash reports forwarded to external monitoring systems or through debugging endpoints.
As organizations become more proficient at managing application secrets, the more secure application environments become. Using DevSecOps and tools like Vault helps your business know the location of all secrets, parties accessing them, timelines when the secrets got in that location, and changes made on them.
DevSecOps offers secure by default applications by integrating security via tools like Vault.
*Sample high level design